Featured, Watering

Automatic Irrigation Systems

0

If you have a garden, you probably know by now that, in order to keep it tidy and the plants healthy, the most important factors are the soil, water and light. In case one of these is inadequate or unsatisfactory, the health of your plants will have to suffer and their aspect as well.

Water is, obviously, a vital element when it comes to having vigorous plants, therefore, watering your plants, especially in a dry season, must be the number one priority. The first impulse is to arm ourselves with a hose and supplement the water quantity whenever necessary. Easy to say, but harder to implement. For instance, your lawn needs 1 gallon of water per square foot every day. Yes, every day! After a simple calculation, if you have a medium sized lawn, you will need 1-2 hours each day to irrigate it. Moreover, you also need a long hose, a high pressure water supply, and the results won’t be spectacular. The watering will be uneven, the activity tedious and, during vacations, you will have to ask (or even pay) someone to do this for you. What’s the solution? Easy! An automatic irrigation system. It will evenly water the garden and it will do it only when necessary (modern automatic watering systems are equipped with moisture sensors, so you don’t need to stop them when it rains outside).

irrigation1

The secret of success in terms of efficiency and efficacy is their design. This is why, when you are going to purchase such a system, you must be extremely careful to each of its components:

– the controller/programmer – the element that stores your watering schedule and transmits the start signal to the solenoids.

– moisture sensor – the element that transmits the controller a signal to let it

know there is enough water in the soil, therefore is not required to start.

– solenoid valves – that open an close at the controller’s signals.

– pipes and fittings – for good water circulation

– electrical cables – that connect the controller and the solenoid valves

– sprinklers and nozzles – which undertake the actual watering activity

– auxiliary items that assure the smooth functioning of the system, depending on the model (valves, connectors etc.)

It goes without saying that these elements all need to be of the highest quality and their fitting must be carried out after carefully analyzing the site location and the necessary amount of water needed.

THE DRIP SYSTEM

One widely used irrigation systems (due to its effectiveness, but also because it is economical) is the drip system. It is also called the “Israeli irrigation”, because it was first used in this country, where the average number of rainy days in one year is just 1 and the water in wells is often non-existent. Highly economical, this system reduces the water consumption by up to 75% compared to classical irrigation. It can be used for ornamental plants, trees, fruit trees, vines etc. It can also be synchronized with other lawn watering systems.

irrigation2

Other advantages at a glance:

– high efficiency in a short time frame

– minimum effort

– it doesn’t leave water on the leaves, thus preventing plant diseases

– easy to use

THE SPRINKLER SYSTEM

Another popular purchase is the sprinkler system. The sprinklers are element that direct the water to one or more key locations. They can be programmed by means of a simple process micro-controller to deliver water when certain temperature or humidity conditions are met. Such an automated system not only saves you time, but it also prevents over-watering or under-watering. Among the other advantages, we need to mention that the system can be supplied from a limited source of water, it creates a “fine rain” that allows the formation of a micro-climate conducive to plant growth, doesn’t cause leave tearing, does not expose the plants’ roots, the watering is even and no crust is formed at ground level.

One important aspect to mention is that the sprinkler system is cheaper than the drip one.

irrigation3

If you decide to use a sprinkler system, there is a wide range of available products to choose from: with dispersion, without dispersion, oscillating etc. For the outcome to be as desired, make sure you properly adjust the angle of irrigation to suite your needs.

Regardless of the system you have chosen, the irrigation program must be designed based on the type of soil, rainfalls and plant species. Therefore, plants should be watered according to the species and affinities, when the surface soil begins to dry. At this point, you can do the “finger experiment”: gently press the soil using a finger. If small pieces of soil stick to your finger, it means the plant needs watering.

Pay attention to the lower leaves. If they are twisted, yellowed, faded or have brown edges, it means that the plant is not receiving the necessary amount of water. Same goes for plants whose flowers don’t last long. Au contrair, if the leaves are loose, soft or rotten, it means you are watering excessively.

If you want to know when is the best time to water your plants and where exactly you should do it, please read our previous article: Watering tips for perfect plants.

Tips:

If your garden is surrounded by a hedge, you should know this requires a large quantity of water after it is planted and during its development. Once mature, you can water only during periods of drought or heat, to keep it fresh looking. Watering should be done by dripping, and only in the root area.

Fruit trees  need watering only in areas where rainfall is low, unevenly distributed, with long hot and dry periods. You should water the root only.

The lawn should be watered on a daily basis, preferably using sprinkler systems.

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Hot News

  • Furniture, Garden

    Wood Furniture Maintenance

    0

    When it comes wood furniture maintenance, especially for the garden furniture, the lacquering and treatment of the pieces needs to be one of your priorities, if not the most important one. For new surfaces, made out of untreated wood, the first step is to apply a primer, as a protective layer onto the natural wood….

  • Garden

    Famous movie gardens

    0

    Whenever you watch a movie, your eye is also caught by the secondary things, like the actors’ clothes, the furniture, spectacular pieces of jewelry or, why not, amazing gardens. Do you remember such green havens that you have seen on TV or in the movie theater? If your memory playing tricks, we will help you…

  • Backyard, Cleaning, Garden, How to

    Prepare your garden for the cold season – The greens

    0

    Preparing your garden for the cold season means more than just protecting your furniture and your barbecue; you also need trees, flowers, bushes and lawn for the winter coming. You may start with ventilating your lawn by poking the soil with a garden fork. This is the easiest method to rejuvenate the grass on which…

  • Backyard, Decoration, Garden

    Prepare your garden for Halloween

    0

    Regardless of age differences, Halloween is a holiday we’re all eagerly waiting. Besides the fun we have on the “haunted evening”, preparations for this day can be equally entertaining. So how do you prepare your garden for Halloween? Stores are full with all sorts of themed items you can just purchase and take home, but…

  • Backyard, Featured, Frony Yard, Garden, Lawn

    Autumn leaves clean up

    0

    Autumn, in the eye of the romantic, might be the most beautiful season. However, for a more practical person, one who also has a garden, as beautiful as this season may be, it also brings one big problem: the leaves clean up. “The trees’ gay leaves are turned brown, By every little wind undress’d; And…

  • Backyard, Garden

    The outdoor fireplace

    0

    The season is changing and, perhaps, you are missing those relaxed evenings you were spending in the middle of the nature, those beautiful and relaxed summer nights in the garden near your house. There is a solution for you to be able to do that a little longer, in spite of the cold: the outdoor…

  • Backyard

    Drapes in the backyard

    1

    When it comes to drapes, usually we think about a house’s interior, about the living room or about the bedroom. Well, some of them can be very well used to decorate a gazebo or a pavilion terrace, having both an aesthetical and practical use. The true challenge is choosing them in a way that integrates…

  • Backyard

    The little children house in the garden

    0

    If your child’s birthday is approaching and you are out of ideas, perhaps his own little children house in the garden will be a good idea. Why is that? Because firstly, it is a truly unique toy and secondly because, besides the fact that it will provide a perfect playground, it will develop his sense…

  • Backyard, Garden

    The garden office

    0

    Working from home, contrary to popular opinion, is not very easy, unless you do this only once in every blue moon. Therefore, working outdoor, while enjoying the natural light and the fresh air can save you many headaches. The only necessary and sufficient condition is to invest some time and effort into building a garden…

  • Fence DIY Project – How to build a fence by yourself

    So, you have a beautiful garden. Naturally, you will also need a proper fence, especially if you have pets. And, let’s face it, it’s also a matter of privacy. A professionally made fence could turn out perfectly, but is also very costly. If you like that rustic look, you can do it by yourself. We’ve…

  • Keeping your dog in the backyard

    Keeping your dog in the backyard We know lots of you are animal lovers and, in this article, we are going to tell you how your backyard can be a blessing for your dog and how not to turn it into a curse. Keeping a dog in an apartment is possible, but it is a…

  • Low Budget Garden Party Decorations

    A beautiful garden is a great place to hang out with your friends and have a barbeque party. Your backyard is also the ideal place for parties that are a little more special, like a birthday or even a wedding receptions. For these, we are going to offer you a few tips on how to…

  • Lawnmower – What mower suits you best?

    The garden surrounding your house needs quite a bit of investment if you want your green oasis to look beautiful, clean and healthy. Part of your investments should definitely be a lawnmower. If you have come to the conclusion you need to buy such an item, first of all you need to decide which type…

  • Decorate using tires

    Writing the previous article was really fun and it gave us the idea to further on explore how tires can be used to decorate your garden or backyard. We showed you how to create an amazing swing and, in this article, we are going to show a few great ideas that will make you think…

Calendar

December 2018
M T W T F S S
« Nov    
 12
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
24252627282930
31